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We use structural information from simulations and from variational ground state calculations for calculating the effective mass of 3He at zero temperature. It is found that the relatively large effective mass is due to a combination of several physical effects: Density fluctuations cause an...
We designed and constructed a simplified experimental system to create a Bose–Einstein condensate in 87Rb. Our system has several novel features including a mechanical atom transfer mechanism and a hybrid Ioffe–Pritchard magnetic trap. The apparatus has been designed to consistently produce a...
We study the ground-state properties of a quasi-two-dimensional Bose–Einstein condensate of indirect excitons, which are confined in an anisotropic harmonic potential. Incorporating the interactions, we calculate the order parameter variationally. The difficulties in the detection of a...
The present generation of rotating refrigerators, which are used for the study of quantized vorticity in helium superfluids, are often capable of cooling to mK temperatures and rotate up to ∼ 1 rev/s. To achieve single-vortex resolution at all rotation velocities, smooth and stable rotation is...
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