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Interferon (IFN) plays a central role in the innate and adaptive antiviral immune responses. While IFN-α is currently approved for treating chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C, in limited studies, IFN-γ has not been shown to be effective for chronic hepatitis B or C. To identify the potential...
Many patients with hepatitis C chronic infection (HCV+ patients) experience symptoms (fatigue, dyspnea) not proportional to the liver involvement and resemble symptoms of heart failure (HF). To our knowledge, no study evaluated at the same time serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic...
Strenuous exercise leads to the up-regulation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and enhanced nitric oxide (NO) release within the contracting skeletal muscles. In this study, we investigated whether NO regulates IL-6 production in C2C12 myotubes. These cells exhibited a concentration-dependent...
During the course of codifying low pathogenicity avian influenza, viruses were tested for their capacity to induce type-I interferon (IFN) and to measure their content of IFN induction-suppressing particles (ISP). One isolate caused a >10-fold reduction in the yield of IFN from chicken embryonic...
Specific chemokines contribute to vascular inflammation and may be useful biomarkers to detect atherosclerosis. The chemokines CXCL1 and CCL11 have previously been studied in animal or human models of atherosclerosis, while CXCL2 and CCL23 have not. Among 2,454 subjects enrolled in the Dallas...
We investigated the effect of carbohydrate ingestion after maximal lengthening contractions of the knee extensors on circulating concentrations of myocellular proteins and cytokines, and cytokine mRNA expression in muscle. Using a cross-over design, 10 healthy males completed 5 sets of 10...
The fine-tuning of the innate immune response by microRNAs (miRNAs) is a concept now supported by a rapidly growing body of evidence. Target prediction analyses indicate that up to a half of innate immune genes could be under the direct regulation of miRNAs. However, the extent to which miRNAs...
Non-protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is widely accepted as first-line ART in developing countries. Although reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based regimens have been studied in the peripheral blood, no studies have analyzed alterations in cytokine and chemokine levels,...
Interleukin 7 receptor alpha chain (IL-7Rα) has recently been confirmed as the first non-HLA gene definitively associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). The protective haplotype (haplotype 2) has reduced splicing of exon 6, reduced production of soluble IL-7Rα, and therefore reduced interference...
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