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Interferon- γ (IFN- γ ) plays a key role in the induction and maintenance of immunity against intracellular infectious agents. Compared to other species, little is known about the biology of this cytokine in the guinea pig ( Cavia porcellus ). We found that in contrast to humans and mice, IFN-...
The human type I Interferon (IFN) family includes 14 closely related cytokines that are produced in response to viral and bacterial infections and mediate the progress of innate immune responses to adaptive immune protection, bind to a common receptor, and have qualitatively similar biologic...
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is highly virulent and mediates robust interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene (ISG) induction, whereas bacterial mutants that lack the DNA adenine methylase (Dam) are attenuated, elicit a reduced ISG activation profile, and establish immunity to murine typhoid...
Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with reduced hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment response and accelerated HCV disease. Cytokines, as mediators of immune responses, inflammation, and fibrogenesis, may underlie important differences in HCV pathogenesis during HIV...
Interferon- γ (IFN γ ) is essential for preventing reactivation of chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii in the brain. We examined the role of IFN γ on lymphocyte and endothelial adhesion molecule expression and T cell recruitment into the brain during chronic infection with T. gondii in...
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and oncostatin M (OSM) are found in appreciable concentrations in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but not osteoarthritis. Accordingly, both are potential therapeutic targets in inflammatory diseases of the joints. Several LIF...
Host genetic factors are thought to contribute to susceptibility and outcome in infectious diseases. A polymorphism in a proinflammatory gene, tumor necrosis factor- α ( TNFA – 308), was recently found to be associated with susceptibility to typhoid fever. As the observation was made in...
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