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Most online electronic journals have hitherto been made available without an explicit charge and typically have been accessed directly by readers. The rapidly growing commitment of commercial publishers to producing online journals involves the payment of substantial subscriptions and is likely...
This paper is based on the findings of recent research into the application of benchmarking in the library and information sector. It examines the needs of the information professions vis-à-vis benchmarking. Until recently, benchmarking has been confined largely to international corporations,...
In a content-based image retrieval system, it is necessary to find a metric to index shapes of objects in the images. The metric should be unique to each shape, regardless of size and orientation. A similarity measure is also needed which should reflect the perceptual similarity, i.e. the...
Studies of public understanding, which include specific areas of study such as the public understanding of science, intuitive physics, nutritional myths and misunderstandings, and the ‘mental mapping’ of geographical space are seen as falling into a general model of information transfer,...
It is often assumed that disciplines with a practical bent lack theoretical structure. Traditionally, the strengths of the professions involved in the information chain are identified primarily by reference to applied skills. Yet these professions, which include information managers, are not...
The development of the ability to incorporate pictures into screen displays may well have been the main factor in making the World Wide Web what is commonly described as the Internet’s ‘killer application’. While the production of computer graphic images can require specialised skills and...
The goals of information policy are remarkably similar throughout the world. The mechanisms chosen to achieve these goals, however, differ widely. In the West, the mechanisms are determined by the prevailing free-market economic and political philosophy. They depend on the profit motive,...
Information retrieval (IR) research on text collections has concentrated on improving the effectiveness of the indexing and retrieval operations. For the most part, the evaluation of IR systems has been carried out on relatively small collections of documents, queries and relevance assessments....
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