1 - 7 of 7 articles
What kinds of memory aids do people use to help them remember in their daily lives? Depending on the situation, they may use internal aids (e.g., mental rehearsal, imagery) of the types usually studied in the laboratory or external aids (e.g., reminder notes, asking someone else), which are...
Two pygmy champanzees (Pan paniscus) have spontaneously begun to use symbols to communicate with people. In contrast to common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) using the same communicative system, the pygmy chimpanzees did not need explicit training in order to form referential symbol-object...
The effect of stimulus luminance on visual information acquisition depends on the duration for which the stimulus is displayed. In this reply, three duration regions are described, and the accounts of luminance effects provided by Loftus (1985d) and Sperling (1986) are compared for each region....
To understand a sentence, the meanings of the words in the sentence must be retrieved and combined. Are these meanings represented within the language system (the lexical hypothesis) or are they represented in a general conceptual system that is not restricted to language (the conceptual...
This study was undertaken to examine the relations among cognitive complexity, expertise, and intelligence—the latter reflected by subjects' IQ test scores, as measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS). Cognitive complexity was measured by the extent to which subjects used a...
In a balanced-placebo design, people expected either an alcohol drink or placebo drink and consumed either alcohol (1 ml/kg) or placebo. Shortly thereafter, each person attempted to recall the answers to general-information questions (e.g., “What is the capital of Chile?”), made confidence...
Learned helplessness theory explains the impaired performance that follows exposure to uncontrollable outcomes by assuming learned expectation of response-outcome independence that is transferred between tasks. Recent evidence has shown that introducing a second neutral stimulus, contingent on...
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Continue with Facebook
Sign up with Google
Log in with Microsoft
Already have an account? Log in
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
To save an article, log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.
Sign Up Log In
To subscribe to email alerts, please log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.
To get new article updates from a journal on your personalized homepage, please log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.