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The representation of time was investigated by testing rats with intervals that changed by 2 s across trials. In Experiment 1, 2 ranges (20-150 s, 30-160 s; = 10 rats per group) were examined. The times at which response bursts occurred (start time) were approximately proportional to interval...
Three experiments with rats examined retention interval and context switch effects factorially in the latent inhibition paradigm. In Experiment 1, a 28-day retention interval abolished a context switch effect on latent inhibition. In Experiment 2, re-exposure to the contexts before conditioning...
In this article, the authors introduce a model of dimensional stimulus control designed to explain dimensional contrast effects. The model suggests that dimensional contrast is the result of the nonuniform allocation of limited attentional resources during discrimination training. Attention in...
In three experiments, rats in a swimming pool were trained to find a submerged platform with a beacon attached to it. For some rats this beacon unambiguously identified the location of the platform; for others the beacon was made ambiguous by placement of an identical beacon in a different part...
Predictions of mathematical principles of reinforcement were tested for responding on ratio reinforcement schedules. The type of response key, the number of sessions per condition, and first vs. second half of a session had negligible effects on responding. Longer reinforcer durations and larger...
In Experiment 1, 2 squirrel monkeys ( ) were given choices between all possible pairs of the arabic numbers 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9, with choice of any number yielding that number of pieces of peanut as a reward. Both monkeys learned to choose the larger number in all pairings and learned to choose...
In a sample of 208 Holtzman-descended albino rats, we found evidence with 4 measures of conditioning (freezing, defecation, side crossing, and nose crossing) that a single 2-s, 1.0-mA immediate shock could condition fear to a context (Experiments 1, 2, and 4). When we reduced the shock intensity...
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