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Four experiments used a four-choice discrimination learning paradigm to explore the pigeon's recognition of line drawings of four objects (an airplane, a chair, a desk lamp, and a flashlight) that were rotated in depth. The pigeons reliably generalized discriminative responding to pictorial...
This study assessed the role of stimulus-outcome (S–O) and response-outcome (R–O) associations in differential outcome performances. In Experiment 1, pigeons learned one-to-many matching-to-sample with differential R–O associations but with either differential or nondifferential...
A dolphin performed a 3-alternative matching-to-sample task in different modality conditions (visual/echoic, both vision and echolocation; visual, vision only; echoic, echolocation only). In Experiment 1, training occurred in the dual-modality (visual/echoic) condition. Choice accuracy in tests...
In 3 experiments, pigeons ( ) searched a digitized image of a gravel patch on a computer monitor for cryptic grains. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the bird's ability to detect a type of grain improved over successive encounters, and detection of alternative targets was attenuated when a search...
Pigeons and humans performed on a task in which spatial position and elapsed time redundantly signaled the availability of reward. On each training trial, a landmark moved steadily across a monitor screen. After a fixed amount of time and movement, reward was available for a response. On...
In the 1st experiment, 1 group of rats (Group Learned Irrelevance LIRR) experienced uncorrelated presentations of a noise and shock; a 2nd group (Group Control CON) experienced noise and shock in separate phases of training. Six conditioning sessions followed, each consisting of a single...
The experiments reported here were designed to test the suggestion of many researchers that selective attention to visual features of a prey can account for search-image effects. In 3 experiments pigeons ate wheat and vetch grains presented on multicolored and gray gravel trays. In Experiment 1...
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