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Two independent samples, each containing Jewish and Arab males in Israel, were tested in the production and appreciation of humor. In the appreciation sample, 50 Jews and 50 Arabs rated 35 jokes that included aggressive jokes, nonaggressive jokes, and jokes with a Jewish/ Arab butt. In the...
"Culture" needs no sharpening. It works well as a global term, designating the many diverse material and ideational phenomena that social scientists traditionally perceive as cultural. Pleas and attempts to define culture anew, however well-meaning and creative, are irrelevant to the conduct of...
The cognitive representations we have about other nations depend on both cultural and individual characteristics. According to Tajfel's functional perception hypothesis, people may bias their perceptions of other nations by paying particular attention to those characteristics on which their own...
This study reports the psychometric properties of Elliott's pacifism scales among Afrikaners and Indians in South Africa. Both the reliability and intercorrelations of each were found to be generally poor and future users of the scales are warned against the possible effects of meaningless...
Attitudes and beliefs are regarded as guides to action in early childhood socialization. Since the cultural specifity of those attitudes is commonly stressed, two countries are analyzed in this study. The cross-cultural design is aimed at clarifying socialization concepts. Pregnant women of the...
Rohner's analysis of the concept of culture is critically examined, considering in particular the distinction drawn between culture and social system. His view is contrasted with that of Segall, who regards the concept of "culture" as redundant for cross-cultural psychology. It is argued that...
Cross-cultural differences in attitudes and behaviors concerning time, punctuality, and pace of life, and the relationship of these measures to coronary heart disease, were investigated in a series of studies in Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia, Italy, England, and the United States. Study 1 found that...
The concept "culture" in cross-cultural psychology remains largely unexamined theoretically, and is often undifferentiated from other core behavioral science concepts such as "social system" and "society." As a result, the theoretical usefulness and research value of these constructs have been...
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