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The objectives of this study were to determine the risk for coughing as an adverse reaction to angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors under everyday circumstances in a large population and to study whether this adverse effect is more common in women. A population-based case-control study...
The cohort study design has been used successfully in clinical cancer research. Cohorts, however, are valuable only if they produce results which are valid and generalizable. Some hospital-based inception cohorts satisfy both these requirements and may thus be useful research tools. The...
Patterns of drugs prescribed for elderly community-dwelling heavy medicinal drug users were determined from random samples of data bases and compared between Manitoba, Canada and Jämtland, Sweden for the year 1981. Qualitatively, there was 80% concordance between the 20 most frequently...
Lengthy questionnaires should be shortened to enable better compliance in large-scale trials also ensuring adequate measurement precision. As the number of questions sufficient to create reliable scales may vary considerably depending on the complexity of concepts and purposes, consecutive...
The assumption of this study is: the preventive care beliefs and practices of health science students stand-out among the general public. To test this assumption, a survey of beliefs, behaviors and disease prevention practices of medical, dental, undergraduate and graduate nursing students in...
Item bias (differential item functioning) analysis examines whether the construction of an index from two or more variables results in bias in relation to sex, age, or other criteria. Item bias may lead to erroneous conclusions because of distortion or dilution of the effects measured. In...
It has been speculated that renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an example of a double-loss mutation. We analyzed the age distribution of 71 cases of familial RCC and of 11 population-based cancer registries (German Democratic Republic, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, U.S.A. Whites, U.S.A. Blacks,...
In a prospective study, the extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as the location of coronary stenoses were studied comparatively, in relation to age and sex, in 192 consecutive women vs 543 selected men, who all underwent coronary angiography during the same time period,...
The environmental factor causing multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. Kurtzke et al. ( Neurology 1979; 29: 1228–1235) depicted a north to south diminishing gradient in the case/control ratios for MS among American veterans in the United States. A similar, but less precise, gradient emerged when...
The association between fibrinogen measured in healthy individuals and subsequent development of ischemic heart disease is well established, but studies reporting fibrinogen levels in coronary heart disease patients are scarce. Plasma fibrinogen was determined for 5729 men and 728 women (aged 45...
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