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A predictability analysis developed within a general framework of linear stochastic dynamics in a companion paper is applied to a simple coupled climate model of tropical Atlantic variability (TAV). The simple model extends the univariate stochastic climate model of Hasselmann by including...
To gain a new perspective on the interaction of the Atlantic Ocean and the atmosphere, the relationship between the atmospheric and oceanic meridional energy transports is studied in a version of HadCM3, the U.K. Hadley Centre's coupled climate model. The correlation structure of the energy...
Sea surface temperature (SST) observations in the North Atlantic indicate the existence of strong multidecadal variability with a unique spatial structure. It is shown by means of a new global climate model, which does not employ flux adjustments, that the multidecadal SST variability is closely...
A coarse resolution coupled ocean–atmosphere simulation in which surface albedo feedback is suppressed by prescribing surface albedo, is compared to one where snow and sea ice anomalies are allowed to affect surface albedo. Canonical CO 2 -doubling experiments were performed with both models to...
The predictability of stochastically forced linear systems is investigated under the condition that an ensemble of forecasts are each initialized at the true state but driven by different realizations of white noise. Some important issues of predictability are brought out by analytically...
This study presents a new simple approach for combining empirical with raw (i.e., not bias corrected) coupled model ensemble forecasts in order to make more skillful interval forecasts of ENSO. A Bayesian normal model has been used to combine empirical and raw coupled model December SST Niño-3.4...
Tropical land climate sensitivities to surface properties are studied using an intermediate complexity atmosphere model. The focus here is on land surface vegetation feedbacks to the atmosphere through surface conductance and albedo. Both properties are linked by a parameterization on leaf area...
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