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Determining the rate of atmospheric warming in Antarctica is hampered by the brevity of the temperature records (<50 years), which still contain signals of decadal circulation variability in the Southern Hemisphere. In this note it is demonstrated that Antarctic warming trends have been...
Based on circulation diagnostics in the tropical Atlantic sector and the equatorial Pacific, empirical methods have been developed to forecast anomalies in the March––June rainy season of northeast Brazil from observations to the end of the preceding January. Techniques include stepwise...
A Bayesian fingerprinting methodology for assessing anthropogenic impacts on climate was developed. This analysis considers the effect of increased CO 2 on near-surface temperatures. A spatial CO 2 fingerprint based on control and forced model output from the National Center for Atmospheric...
The South Indian convergence zone (SICZ) is identified in this paper as a region of enhanced precipitation extending off the southeast coast of southern Africa during austral summer. Unlike the South Pacific convergence zone, the SICZ is a land-based convergence zone (LBCZ), with position and...
Solar magnetic activity exhibits chaotically modulated cycles with a mean period of 11 yr, which are responsible for slight variations in solar luminosity and modulation of the solar wind, while the earth’’s atmosphere and oceans support oscillations with many different frequencies. Although...
This study examines the consistency and inconsistency in shortwave (SW) top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectances and albedos obtained from satellite measurements of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) and radiation modeling based on cloud properties retrieved from the Advanced Very High...
The extremes of surface temperature, precipitation, and wind speed and their changes under projected changes in radiative forcing are examined in an ensemble of three transient climate change simulations for the years 1900––2100 conducted with the global coupled model of the Canadian Centre...
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