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The main characteristics of the atmospheric water vapor cycle over the South American continent and the adjacent oceans are investigated using the 22-yr period, from 1976 to 1997, of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction––National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP––NCAR)...
The recharge oscillator paradigm for ENSO is further investigated by using a simple coupled model, which externally includes the equatorial wave dynamics represented by the Kelvin and gravest symmetric Rossby waves. To investigate the role of eddies in the Pacific basin––wide adjustment to...
An interactive atmosphere––ocean instability mechanism that reproduces some salient properties of the observed Antarctic Circumpolar Wave and also its manifestation in the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Mark 2 coupled model is analyzed with a more...
This paper studies the variability of deep-ocean mass transport using four 1000-yr integrations performed with coupled general circulation models. Statistics describing the spectral and spatial features are considered. It is shown that these features depend crucially on the time-mean state. For...
Precipitation fields from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis are validated with high-resolution, gridded precipitation observations over Oregon and Washington. The NCEP reanalysis is thought of as a proxy for an ideal GCM that nearly perfectly represents the...
The global warming resulting from increased CO 2 is addressed in the context of two regional processes that contribute to climate change in coupled climate models, the ““El Niño––like”” response (slackening of the equatorial Pacific SST gradient) and sea-ice response at high...
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