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The prevailing reaction of plants to pest attack is the activation of various defense mechanisms. In tomato, several studies indicate that an 18 amino acid (aa) peptide, called systemin, is a primary signal for the systemic induction of direct resistance against plant-chewing pests, and that the...
The floral scent composition of 32 European and two Asian Salix L. species (Salicaceae) was analyzed. Intra- and interspecific variation was compared for a subset of 8 species. All Salix species are dioecious and floral scent was collected from both male and female individuals by using a dynamic...
Jasmonic acid (JA) is a key hormone involved in plant defense responses. The effect of JA treatment of cabbage plants on their acceptability for oviposition by two species of cabbage white butterflies, Pieris rapae and P. brassicae , was investigated. Both butterfly species laid fewer eggs on...
Inducible terpenes and lipoxygenase pathway products, e.g., green-leaf volatiles (GLVs), are emitted by plants in response to herbivory. They are used by carnivorous arthropods to locate prey. These compounds are highly reactive with atmospheric pollutants. We hypothesized that elevated ozone (O...
Bufonid toads of the genus Melanophryniscus represent one of several lineages of anurans with the ability to sequester alkaloids from dietary arthropods for chemical defense. The alkaloid profile for Melanophryniscus stelzneri from a location in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, changed...
Illinoia pepperi (MacGillivray) infests cultivated highbush blueberries, Vaccinium corymbosum L., in the Northeastern United States. Allopatric resistance to I. pepperi was examined in Vaccinium darrowi Camp, which evolved in the absence of I. pepperi in the Southeastern U.S. V. corymbosum cv....
The grass webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), which has recently established in pasture in Northland, New Zealand, is an important pest of many tropical and subtropical grasses. Two pheromone components, ( Z )-11-hexadecen-1-yl acetate ( Z 11–16:Ac) and (11 Z ,13 E...
Two iridoid glucosides isolated from leaves of Antirrhinum majus L. were identified as the known compounds antirrhinoside and antirrhide. Plants grown hydroponically demonstrated that antirrhinoside is present in all plant organs including the roots. In contrast, antirrhide is found only in...
Diaeretiella rapae , a parasitoid that predominately specializes in the parasitism of Brassica -feeding aphids, attacks Lipaphis erysimi , a specialist feeding aphid of the Brassicaceae and other families in the Capparales, at a greater rate than the generalist-feeding aphid, Myzus persicae . In...
The analysis of expression of pheromone-carrying major urinary proteins (MUPs) from two subspecies of house mice ( Mus m. musculus , Mus m. domesticus ) was studied. It has been previously shown that commensal populations of the two subspecies can discriminate on the basis of urinary signals....
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