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The basic morphological unit of a closed cell rigid foam is the gas-filled cavity surrounded by cell walls and struts. Typically, these cavities (cells) are pentagonal dodecahedral or tetrakaidecahedral. Their average dimensions and dispersity are known to influence foam physical properties and...
Conventional rigid polyisocyanurate (PUIR) foams blown with HCFC-141b often suffer from poorer compressive strengths, dimensional stability and inferior flammability properties when compared to foams blown with CFC-11. It is often hypothesized that these properties can be improved by increasing...
Epoxy and polyurethane foams with different content of voids were tested under compression. Thereby, the epoxy foam showed a simple correlation between the fraction of the foaming agent and the density and void fraction. In contrast to this foam, the density and void fraction of the polyurethane...
There are critical processing and testing parameters which have major impacts upon the apparent firmness of HR molded polyurethane foam. Inadequate control of these parameters hinders the ability of the molder to meet narrow IFD specifications. This paper addresses five of these parameters and...
The mandated switch from CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane) to HCFC-141b (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane) as a blowing agent for polyisocyanurate insulation foams has required producers of these foams to make numerous formulation changes. The changes have been warranted due to the differing physical...
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