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Previously we showed that transgenic mice expressing human HLA-DR3 gene are susceptible to PLP 91–110 induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and can serve as an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). HLA-DR3 mice with EAE showed increased number of CD8 T cells indicating...
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies against nuclear components. Lyn-deficient mice are an excellent animal model of SLE manifesting clinical, pathological and biochemical features seen in the human disease....
The higher prevalence of autoimmune diseases in women compared to men could be due to effects of ovarian hormones, pregnancy and/or the presence of a second X chromosome. To elucidate the role of these factors, we investigated the prevalence and spectrum of autoimmune diagnoses in women with...
Peptidyl arginine deiminases (PADs) catalyze a post-translational protein modification reaction called citrullination, where arginine is converted to citrulline. This modification has been linked to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). More recently,...
The envelope glycoprotein, gp70, of endogenous retroviruses represents one of the major nephritogenic autoantigens implicated in murine systemic lupus erythematosus. Among different endogenous retroviruses (ecotropic, xenotropic and polytropic), lupus-prone mice express remarkably high levels of...
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) promotes the maintenance and activation of peripheral T cells, whereas it does not act directly on mature B cells due to the lack of IL-7Rα expression on these. We report here that, in spite of the insensitivity of B cells to IL-7, high concentration of IL-7 can lead to...
B lymphocytes exhibit phenotypic differences that correlate with their developmental or functional stages and affect humoral immune responses. One recently described subset of naturally occurring immature transitional type 3 (T3) B lymphocytes is believed to consist of potentially autoimmune...
The Foxp3 + CD4 + regulatory T-cell (Treg)-deficient Scurfy (Sf) mice rapidly develop severe inflammation in the skin and lungs with expanded Th subsets bearing increased expression of various chemokine/chemoattractant/retention receptor genes (CRG). Nine different double mutants were generated...
The interaction of developing thymocytes with peptide-MHC complexes on thymic antigen presenting cells (APC) is crucial for T cell development, both for positive selection of “useful” thymocytes as well as negative selection of autoreactive thymocytes to prevent autoimmunity. The peptides...
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