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Systemic lupus erythematosus is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterized by antibodies to DNA and other nuclear molecules. While these antibodies can form immune complexes, the mechanisms generating the bound nuclear antigens are not known. These studies investigated whether microparticles...
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by multiple tissue fibrosis. Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-β) is thought to be the most important mediator that induces fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanisms by which fibrosis is induced have not...
Lymphopenia driven T cell activation is associated with autoimmunity. That lymphopenia does not always lead to autoimmunity suggests that control mechanisms may exist. We assessed the importance of the co-inhibitory receptor programmed death-1 (PD-1) in the control of lymphopenia-driven...
The autoantibody to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a marker and a pathogenetic factor in Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) (Devic’s syndrome). Our aim was to identify B-cell antigenic linear epitopes of the AQP4 protein and investigate similarities with other molecules. To this end, we screened sera from 21...
Autoimmune responses to heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleproteins (hnRNP) occur in many systemic autoimmune diseases, particularly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus. In RA, humoral and/or cellular autoimmunity to hnRNP-A2/B1 is the most prominent...
Objective During pregnancy there is an exchange of cells between the fetus and the mother including T lymphocytes that can persist after delivery. Previous studies have described an increased numbers of maternal cells in children with juvenile diabetes as compared to their unaffected siblings....
Gelatinase B/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a key enzyme involved in inflammatory, hematological, vascular and neoplastic diseases. In previous studies, we explored the intracellular substrate set or ‘degradome’ of MMP-9 and found many systemic autoantigens as novel intracellular...
Regulatory functions for B lymphocytes have been reported in murine models of autoimmune diseases in which B-cell deficient mice were shown to exhibit exacerbated disease. The B cells responsible for the immune regulations were identified as a subpopulation of interleukin 10-secreting cells....
The purpose of the study was to examine the potential of inhibition of cathepsin S as a treatment for autoimmune diseases. A highly selective cathepsin S inhibitor, CSI-75, was shown to upregulate levels of the cathepsin S substrate, invariant chain Lip10, in vitro as well as in vivo in C57Bl/6...
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