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Objectives To determine the impact of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) of HIV-1 on treatment outcome in areas where routine testing for drug resistance mutations may not be available before combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is initiated. Methods Genotypic resistance assays were performed...
Objectives The WHO anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC)/defined daily dose (DDD) methodology is a standardized method of comparing antimicrobial use. The ATC/DDD is defined as the average maintenance daily dose of a drug used in a 70 kg adult, ignoring the considerable differences in body weight...