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NIH Appropriations Before Senate.—
The Senate was expected to approve a $930.5 million budget for the National Institutes of Health for the current fiscal year, the exact amount asked by the Administration. However, the money total was $18 million more than the House...
Starting with the premise that all birth defects involve disordered cells, the 1,400 physicians and scientists from 28 countries who gathered at the Second International Conference on Congenital Malformations in New York July 15-19 spent two days focusing on the cell and its...
"The actual physical-chemical links between the hereditary unit and its corresponding protein phenotype" are being elucidated by means of cell culture studies, according to Stanley M. Gartler, PhD, of the University of Washington, Seattle.
A variety of genetically controlled...
Thet every woman is a genetic mosaic was proposed by Mary Lyon, PhD, of the Medical Research Council, England, in 1961.
The hypothesis states that only one of the two X chromosomes-the isopyknotic X—in female somatic cells is active, and that the active chromosome may be either...
Either "regulatory" or "structural" genes may be responsible for the inherited disorders produced by the "gross deficiency of a single specific enzyme," according to Dr. Harry Harris of the University of London, England.
A mutant regulatory gene, by altering the rate at which a...
A lthough it is possible to determine if a person is a chromosome mosaic, it is never possible to prove a person is not, David G. Harnden, PhD, told the International Conference.
Chromosome counts can vary from cell to cell in preparations from normal as well as abnormal...
The puzzle of cellular differentiation can be explained by "a continued specialization of genetic activity," in the view of Kenneth Paigen, PhD, of Roswell Park Memorial Institute, Buffalo, N.Y.
"This hypothesis assumes a progressive differentiation of genetic function, which...
The possibly crucial role of the cell surface in embryological development should not be overlooked, a Scottish geneticist told the International Conference.
"It may be dangerous to try to deepen our understanding of developmental processes in complex cells by concentrating...
"Each tablet given to a woman in early pregnancy is an experiment in human teratology."
To curtail such experimentation Dr. Widukind Lenz advised the International Conference that no drugs that are not essential to health should be given to a pregnant woman.
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