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It has been known that Rho‐associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling regulates the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the isoform‐specific roles of ROCK and its underlying mechanism in VSMC migration are not well understood. The current study thus aimed to...
In this study, we tested the ability of structure‐related isothiocyanates to induce the antiatherogenic enzyme paraoxonase‐1 (PON1) in cultured hepatocytes. Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), and sulforaphane (SFN), but not butyl isothiocyanate (BITC) resulted in...
Cardiac fibroblasts (CF) play a key role in orchestrating the structural remodeling of the myocardium in response to injury or stress, in part through direct regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of over 25 zinc‐dependent proteases...
Ubiquitination involves the attachment of ubiquitin (Ub) to lysine residues on substrate proteins or itself, which can result in protein monoubiquitination or polyubiquitination. Polyubiquitination through different lysines (seven) or the N‐terminus of Ub can generate different protein‐Ub...
The inhibition of low‐density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation by high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) is a major antiatherogenic property of this lipoprotein. This activity is due, in part, to HDL associated proteins. However, whether these proteins interact in the antioxidant activity of HDL is...
Monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) isoforms 1–4 catalyze the proton‐linked transport of monocarboxylates such as L‐lactate across the plasma membrane, whereas MCT8 and MCT10 are thyroid hormone and aromatic amino acid transporters, respectively. The importance of MCTs is becoming...
RNA editing challenges the central dogma of molecular biology by changing the genetic information at the transcript level. In plant organelles, RNAs are modified by deamination of some specific cytosine residues, but the origin of this process remains puzzling. Different from the generally...
Glycation of biomolecules leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Glycation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) has been implicated in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, human IgG was glycated with physiological concentration of glucose. The...
Plasmodium falciparum glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) have been proposed as malaria pathogenic factors based on their ability to induce proinflammatory responses in macrophages and malaria‐like symptoms in mice. Parasite GPIs induce the production of inflammatory cytokines by activating...
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