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The main proteins associated with Alzheimer's and prion diseases (amyloid precursor protein (APP) and prion protein (PrPC), respectively, have binding sites for copper and it has therefore been suggested that they play a role in copper metabolism. Here, we review evidence indicating that the...
Mitochondrial disorders of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) comprise a growing list of potentially lethal diseases caused by mutations in either mitochondrial (mtDNA) or nuclear DNA (nDNA). Two such conditions, autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia (adPEO) and Senger's...
Murine models of inborn errors of metabolism represent an established approach for investigating pathophysiological mechanisms associated with the corresponding human disorder. Our laboratory studies human inherited defects of GABA synthesis and degradation. One of these, succinate semialdehyde...
Modern cell‐free in vitro protein synthesis systems present powerful tools for the synthesis of isotope‐labeled proteins in high yields. The production of selectively 15 N‐labeled proteins from 15 N‐labeled amino acids is particularly economic and yields are often sufficient to analyze...
Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) is a promiscuous transcriptional transactivator of many viral and cellular promoters. HBx plays an important role in hepatitis B virus pathogenesis related with liver diseases including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBx is also involved in the signal...
Gases such as nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) play important roles both in normal physiology and in disease. The toxic effects of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) on living organisms have been recognized for nearly 300 years. In recent years, however, interest has been directed towards H2S as...
14‐3‐3 proteins form a family of highly conserved proteins capable of binding to more than 200 different mostly phosphorylated proteins. They are present in all eukaryotic organisms investigated, often in multiple isoforms, up to 13 in some plants. 14‐3‐3 binding partners are involved in...
We speculated that the rise in atmospheric oxygen from 2 billion years ago was so integral for the evolution of biocomplexity that it must also associate strongly with complex diseases. As a remote test of this idea, we hypothesized that lines contrasting for disease and health would emerge from...
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