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The BHE/Cdb rat has a maternally inherited mutation in the ATPase 6 mitochondrial gene that associates with impaired oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glucose intolerance. A longevity study revealed that feeding an egg‐rich (vitamin A‐rich) diet delayed the onset of impaired glucose...
The BHE/Cdb rat is a model for mitochondrial diabetes due to a mutation in the ATPase 6 gene. These rats require more dietary vitamin A to optimize mitochondrial function than do normal Sprague‐Dawley rats. To determine a possible mechanism for this effect, cultured hepatocytes and hepatic...
Peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor‐ γ(PPAR γ) is a nuclear transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes associated with inflammation. We applied the animal model of H. pylori lipopolysaccharide(LPS)‐induced gastritis to assess the effect of a specific PPAR γligand,...
Protein phosphatases are integrally associated with the regulation of cellular signaling. The mechanisms underlying the specific regulatory roles are likely to be unique to each cell system. Nevertheless, analysis of phosphatase regulation in a number of systems has identified phosphatase...
Protease‐activated receptors (PARs) mediate cellular responses to a variety of extracellular proteases. The four known PARs constitute a subgroup of the family of seven‐transmembrane domain G protein‐coupled receptors and activate intracellular signalling pathways typical for this family of...
Nitric oxide (NO) possesses antiparasitic effects on both Protozoa and Metazoa in definitive and intermediate hosts as well as in vectors. Here, we postulate that hemoglobin and hemocyanin may impair Schistosoma killing by NO in the definitive and intermediate hosts. Interestingly, hemoglobin,...
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