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The potential to increase suggested flare rates for strong post, W-beam guardrail systems and thus reduce guardrail installation lengths is investigated. This reduction in length would result in decreased guardrail construction and maintenance costs, and reduce impact frequency. If the W-beam...
The use of aluminium alloys in lightweight protective structures is increasing. Even so, the number of experimental and computational investigations that give detailed information on such problems is limited. In an earlier paper by some of the authors, perforation experiments were performed with...
This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation on the quasi-static perforation of aluminium plates. In the tests, square plates were mounted in a circular frame and penetrated by a cylindrical punch. A full factorial design was used to investigate the effects of varying plate...
Assessing the mechanical properties of materials at intermediate strain rates (1–200/s) is one of the major concerns in impact engineering. Servo-hydraulic machines are usually used at this range of strain rates. However, detrimental oscillations appear on the measured load for strain rates...
Axially crushed thin-walled square tubes have been widely used as energy absorbers because of their high specific energy absorption capacity and long stroke. However, they render extremely high initial peak forces which may cause serious injury or damage to the people or structures being...
Since the seventies, many methodologies have been developed for estimating from energy loss the delta V produced in a vehicle to vehicle impact. Normal energy loss, is calculated by a discrete number of residual crush measurements in the direction parallel to the vehicle's axis, using the...
The design of vehicle front structures for crashworthiness is nowadays commonly based on a series of rigid subsystems that constitute a nearly undeformable survival cell for the passengers, and deformable subsystems able to efficiently dissipate the vehicle kinetic energy. During frontal crash,...
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