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BACKGROUND Mammalian oocyte activation occurs via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca 2+ ) oscillations thought to be induced by a sperm-specific phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ). There is now strong evidence to indicate that certain types of human male infertility are caused by failure of the...
BACKGROUND The Fallopian tube (FT) is the site of fertilization and early embryonic development. We have previously reported the expression of activins, their receptors and follistatin by the FT. Here, our aim was to study the expression of tubal activins, their type II receptors and follistatin...
BACKGROUND Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (LAR) is the most commonly used Chinese medicine to prevent early pregnancy loss due to threatened miscarriage. However, its safety profile during pregnancy is still not available. Here we aimed to identify the potential adverse effects of LAR on...
BACKGROUND Although uterine fibroids have been associated with spontaneous miscarriage, to our knowledge there have been no studies in the literature assessing their role in the recurrent miscarriage (RM) population. The aims of this study are to examine the impact of different types of fibroids...
BACKGROUND The traditional hCG ‘trigger’ for initiating final oocyte maturation exacerbates ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in patients with an excessive follicular response because of its sustained stimulatory effect on the corpora lutea. However, a GnRH agonist trigger can produce...
BACKGROUND The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) is a valuable tool for prediction of fertility in vivo , with DNA fragmentation index (DFI) of 30% as a clinically useful cut-off level. Previous studies on fertile men have shown a high level of repeatability, with an intra-individual...
BACKGROUND Several sites have been used for ovarian cortex transplantation (OCT) in humans. The present study was designed to evaluate different intra-abdominal transplantation sites in the baboon to gain further knowledge about alternative transplantation sites in a human setting. METHODS...
BACKGROUND In order to select the best blastocyst for transfer, in humans, three morphological parameters have routinely been used, i.e. degree of blastocoele expansion and appearance of both the trophectoderm (TE) and the inner cell mass (ICM). Although it has been shown that blastocysts with...
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