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BACKGROUND: Knowing osmotic tolerance limits is important in the design of optimal cryopreservation procedures for cells. METHODS: Mature human oocytes were exposed to anisosmotic sucrose solutions at concentrations of 35, 75, 150, 600, 1200, or 2400 (±5) milliosmolal (mOsm) at 37°C. A control...
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) among women with self‐reported oligomenorrhoea and/or hirsutism and to see whether women with symptoms and PCO have less favourable levels of biochemical markers than controls or women with symptoms...
A complete mole coexisting with dichorionic twins was diagnosed by the combined use of sonography and chorionic villus sampling at 10 weeks gestation. The pregnancy resulted in the death of one fetus at 31 weeks from presumed feto‐maternal haemorrage, while the other fetus survived in good...
BACKGROUND: Contradictory results are available regarding prediction of testicular sperm extraction in 47,XXY patients. This study, therefore, aimed at assessing the availability of testicular sperm and evaluates clinical parameters predicting successful sperm retrieval in azoospermic 47,XXY...
BACKGROUND: Expression of the tryptophan catabolizing enzyme, indoleamine 2,3‐dioxygenase, in the mouse placenta has been shown to be critical in preventing immunological rejection of the fetal allograft. To clarify the physiological importance of indoleamine 2,3‐dioxygenase in human...
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) can cause congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) as a primarily genital form of cystic fibrosis. The spectrum and frequency of CFTR mutations in Turkish males with CBAVD is largely unknown....
The evaluation of ovarian reserve, often critical for the elderly infertile woman, is notoriously difficult and inaccurate. The place of ovarian biopsy in this evaluation has been hotly disputed for three decades, but not resolved. To examine the feasibility of ovarian biopsy for this purpose, a...
Whilst there is a need to emphasize the birth rates of healthy infants when reporting success rates following infertility treatment, is ‘the singleton term gestation per cycle started’ the most appropriate measure? Although there are many ways to measure the efficacy of medical intervention,...
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate haploidization of somatic cell nuclei in non‐enucleated mature oocytes regarding spindle formation, chromosomes and developmental potential. METHODS: Mouse cumulus cells were injected into metaphase II oocytes. Some injected oocytes were...
BACKGROUND: Although observational studies suggest that IVF is more effective than no treatment for women with Fallopian tube patency, this has not been tested rigorously in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Eligible consenting couples planning their first treatment cycle in five...
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