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The “Osteopetroses” are genetic diseases whose clinical picture is caused by a defect in bone resorption by osteoclasts. Three main forms can be distinguished on the basis of severity, age of onset and means of inheritance: the dominant benign, the intermediate and the recessive severe form....
The autosomal recessive Zellweger syndrome spectrum (ZSS) disorders comprise a main subgroup of the peroxisome biogenesis disorders. The ZSS disorders can be caused by mutations in any of 12 different currently identified PEX genes resulting in severe, often lethal, multi‐systemic disorders....
Phenocopies may confound the clinical diagnoses of hereditary disorders. We report phenocopies in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), an autosomal dominant disorder, characterised by the combined occurrence of parathyroid, pituitary and pancreatic tumours. We studied 261 affected...
Recently, the SNPs rs11614913 in hsa‐mir‐196a2 and rs3746444 in hsa‐mir‐499 were reported to be associated with increased breast cancer risk, and the SNP rs2910164 in hsa‐mir‐146a was shown to have an effect on age of breast cancer diagnosis. In order to further investigate the effect...
The creation of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) databases (such as NCBI dbSNP) has facilitated scientific research in many fields. SNP discovery and detection has improved to the extent that there are over 17 million human reference (rs) SNPs reported to date (Build 129 of dbSNP). SNP...
RAMEDIS is a manually curated resource of human variations and corresponding phenotypes for rare metabolic diseases. The system is based on separate case reports that comprehensively describe various aspects of anonymous case study, e.g. molecular genetics, symptoms, lab findings, treatments,...
Allelic imbalance (AI) is a powerful tool to identify cis‐regulatory variation for gene expression. UGT2B15 is an important enzyme involved in the metabolism of multiple endobiotics and xenobiotics. In this study, we measured the relative expression of two alleles at this gene by using SNP...
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) (also known as Upshaw‐Schulman syndrome, USS) is a rare, life‐threatening disease characterized by thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, associated with the deficiency of the von Willebrand factor‐cleaving protease...
The human CYP1A1_CYP1A2 locus comprises the CYP1A1 (5,988 bp) and CYP1A2 (7,759 bp) transcribed regions, oriented head‐to‐head, sharing a bidirectional promoter of 23,306 bp. The older CYP1A1 gene appears more conserved and responsible for critical life function(s), whereas the younger CYP1A2...
Crigler‐Najjar syndrome (CN), caused by deficiency of UGT isoform 1A1 (UGT1A1), is characterized by severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. In this study we have analyzed 19 CN patients diagnosed in The Netherlands (18) and in Belgium (1), and have identified 14 different UGT1A1 mutations, four...
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