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Homozygosity or compound heterozygosity for the c.833T>C transition (p.I278 T) in the cystathionine beta‐synthase (CBS) gene represents the most common cause of pyridoxine‐responsive homocystinuria in Western Eurasians. However, the frequency of the pathogenic c.833C allele, as observed in...
Activating mutations in v‐Ha‐ras Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (HRAS) have recently been identified as the molecular cause underlying Costello syndrome (CS). To further investigate the phenotypic spectrum associated with germline HRAS mutations and characterize their molecular...
We studied 50 unrelated pedigrees with a family history of retinoblastoma (Rb) (165 carriers of a RB1 mutation) to delineate the spectrum of RB1 germline mutations in familial Rb and to identify genotype–phenotype correlations as well as putative modifiers. Patients were followed at Institut...
Infantile or complex glycerol kinase deficiency (cGKD) is a contiguous gene deletion syndrome caused by a loss of GK (MIM# 300474), along with its neighboring genes, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD; MIM# 300377) and/or Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 0, Group B, Member 1 (NR0B1; MIM# 300473)....
Mutations in the β‐subunit of cGMP‐phosphodiesterase (PDE6β) can lead to either progressive retinal disease, such as human retinitis pigmentosa (RP), or stationary disease, such as congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB). Individuals with CSNB in the Rambusch pedigree were found to...
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a generalized disorder of connective tissue characterized by fragile bones and easy susceptibility to fracture. Most cases of OI are caused by mutations in type I collagen. We have identified and assembled structural mutations in type I collagen genes (COL1A1 and...
Schimke immunoosseous dysplasia (SIOD), which is characterized by prominent spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, T‐cell deficiency, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, is a panethnic autosomal recessive multisystem disorder with variable expressivity. Biallelic mutations in switch/sucrose...
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disease of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure associated with defective alternative pathway (AP) complement control. Previously, we presented a database (www.FH‐HUS.org) focusing on aHUS mutations in the Factor H gene (CFH)....
Analysis of allelic imbalance is of great importance for understanding tumorigenesis and the clinical management of malignant disease. Fluorescent‐based capillary electrophoresis (CE) of highly polymorphic short tandem repeats (STRs) has become the main method used to detect the loss/gain of...
Identification of unknown mutations has remained laborious, expensive, and only viable for studies of selected cases. Population‐based “reference ranges” of rarer sequence diversity are not available. However, the research and diagnostic interpretation of sequence variants depends on such...
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