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Mutations in any of the three different genes BCKDHA, BCKDHB, and DBT encoding for the E1α, E1β, and E2 catalytic components of the branched‐chain α‐ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex can cause maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). The disease presents heterogeneous clinical and molecular...
In many situations there may not be sufficient DNA collected from patient or population cohorts to meet the requirements of genome‐wide analysis of SNPs, genomic copy number polymorphisms, or acquired copy number alternations. When the amount of available DNA for genotype analysis is limited,...
The BRCA1 tumor suppressor gene encodes a phosphoprotein involved in many cellular key functions including DNA repair, transcription regulation, cell‐cycle control and apoptosis. Most of these functions are strictly related to the ability of BRCA1 to interact with the other partners of a...
We describe a novel missense mutation (Aspartic acid to Asparagine, p.D419N (g.1371G>A, c.1255G>A) within exon 9 of SH3BP2 in a patient with cherubism, an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by excessive osteoclastic bone resorption of the jaw. Two siblings and the father were carriers but...
The p.Val754Met variant, described in 1996 in a CF patient, has been considered a CF mutation. However, biochemical aspects, results of functional studies and, finally, the identification of a complex deletion removing exons 3 to 10 and 14b to 16 in cis of p.Val754Met in a CF patient, argue...
UDP‐Glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are a superfamily of enzymes responsible for glucuronidation of xenobiotics and endobiotics. Genetic polymorphisms have been identified in the promoter and exonic regions of several UGT genes. The UGT1As on chromosome 2q37 have unique exons 1 but share the...
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs) are a major cause of mortality in patients with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1). We have analysed lymphocyte DNA samples from 30 NF1 patients with MPNSTs to determine their underlying constitutional NF1 gene mutations. Mutations were detected in 27/30...
The filamins are a family of cytoplasmic proteins that bind to and organize actin filaments, link membrane proteins to the cytoskeleton, and provide a scaffold for signaling molecules. Mutations in the gene encoding filamin B (FLNB) cause a spectrum of osteochondrodysplasias, including...
Werner syndrome (WS) is a pleiotropic disease of premature aging involving short stature, tight, atrophied, and/or ulcerated skin; a characteristic ‘birdlike’ facies and high, squeaky or hoarse voice; premature greying and thinning of the hair; and early onset cataracts. Additional common...
In two large Turkish consanguineous families, a locus for autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) was mapped to chromosome 6p21.3 by genome‐wide linkage analysis in an interval overlapping with the loci DFNB53 (COL11A2), DFNB66, and DFNB67. Fine mapping excluded DFNB53 and...
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