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One of the major challenges in the near future is the identification of genes that contribute to complex disorders. Large scale association studies that utilize a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been considered as a valuable tool for this purpose. However, genome‐wide...
Papillon Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis and severe periodontitis. The disease is caused by mutations in the cathepsin C gene (CTSC) that maps to chromosome 11q14. CTSC gene mutations associated with PLS have been correlated...
Familial conformational diseases occur when a mutation alters the conformation of a protein resulting in abnormal intermolecular interactions, protein aggregation, and consequent tissue damage. The molecular mechanisms of conformational disease are best understood for the serine protease...
Ovarian cancer is a clinically important cancer in Turkey. The contribution of BRCA1 and BRCA2 to ovarian cancer in Turkish patients has not previously been described. In this study we investigated the presence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in 102 consecutively ascertained, hospital‐based,...
Mutations in the GJB2 gene encoding the gap‐junction protein connexin 26 have been identified in many patients with childhood hearing impairment (HI). One single mutation, 35delG (30delG), accounts for up to 70% of all analyzed European patients with autosomal recessive inherited HI and 10% of...
The SLC12A3 gene encodes the thiazide‐sensitive Na‐Cl co‐transporter (NCCT) expressed in the apical membrane of the distal convoluted tubule of the kidney. Inactivating mutations of this gene are responsible for Gitelman syndrome (GS), a disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive trait....
This paper describes the molecular characterization of two male siblings displaying the complex (Type B) form of pyruvate carboxylase (PC) deficiency in which severe neonatal lactic acidosis and redox abnormalities results in death within the first few weeks of life. The two male siblings were...
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by endocrine tumors of the parathyroids, the pancreatic islets, and the anterior pituitary. The MEN1 gene encodes menin, a nuclear protein interacting with JunD/AP1, Smad3, NFκB, and other proteins involved...
This article was originally published as Mutation in Brief #465 (print citation: Vol. 18, No. 6, page 548, 2001). Several errors were included in the original version of the article relating to the names of mutations. Here we present the corrected names of the five novel mutations in PDS that...
We report twelve novel mutations in patients with isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency. The mutations are in SUOX, the gene that encodes the molybdohemoprotein sulfite oxidase. These include two frameshift mutations, a four‐basepair deletion (562del4) and a single‐basepair insertion (113insC),...
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