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X‐linked myotubular myopathy (MTM1) is a rare developmental disorder of skeletal muscle that is characterized by the presence of abnormal central nuclei in biopsy specimens taken from affected individuals. To date 133 different mutations have been identified in the MTM1 gene worldwide. We...
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT or Rendu‐Osler‐Weber syndrome) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by aberrant vascular development. We report here a genetic epidemiologic study in a county, A, in the Akita prefecture (population 1.2 million) located in northern Japan....
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is associated with an expansion of CTG repeats in the 3′UTR of the DMPK gene. It is accepted, as in other trinucleotide diseases, that the number of the repeats is correlated with age at onset and severity of the disease. However, assessment of...
Glucose‐6‐phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common hereditary disorder in humans. Through a population study for G6PD deficiency using a cord blood quantitative G6PD assay in Bangkok, Thailand, we found that the prevalence of G6PD deficiency is 11.1% in Thai male (N=350)...
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency, an X‐linked, semidominant disorder, is the most common inherited defect in ureagenesis resulting in hyperammonemia. The previous two mutation updates for the OTC gene were published in 1993 and 1995 and included 36 and 30 mutations respectively. This...
We identified seven novel polymorphisms in the human low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5 (LRP5) gene. Two of them are predicted to replace amino acid in LRP5 protein (c.314A>G: Q89R and c.4037T>C: V1330A), whereas three are silent mutations in the coding region (c.2268T>C: N740N,...
A new method for mutation detection is described, which is a technical advancement of the protein truncation test. The new technique is non‐radioactive and highly sensitive for detection of virtually all sequence mutations, which lead to a stop signal or to the shift of the translation frame....
We have recently identified SLC25A13 on chromosome 7q21.3 as the gene responsible for adult‐onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2) and found seven mutations in the SLC25A13 gene of CTLN2 patients. Most recently, the SLC25A13 mutations have been detected in neonatal/infantile patients with a type...
Albinism ocular type 1 (OA1) is an X‐linked type of albinism that mainly effects pigment production in the eye, resulting in hypopigmentation of the retina, nystagmus, strabismus, foveal hypoplasia, abnormal crossing of the optic fibers, and reduced visual acuity. The OA1 gene is located on...
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