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Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple hamartomas involving many organs. About two‐thirds of the cases are sporadic and appear to represent new mutations. With the cloning of two causative genes, TSC1 and TSC2 it is now...
Townes‐Brocks syndrome (TBS) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder characterized by anal and thumb malformations and by ear anomalies that can affect the three compartments and usually lead to hearing loss. The gene underlying TBS, SALL1, is a human homolog of the Drosophila spalt...
Renal‐Coloboma syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by colobomatous eye defects, vesicoureteral reflux, and abnormal kidneys, results from mutations in PAX2. The purpose of this study was to identify mutations in PAX2 and understand the associated patient phenotypes. We report...
Juvenile retinoschisis is an X‐linked recessive disease caused by mutations in the XLRS1 gene. We screened 31 new unrelated patients and families for XLRS1 mutations in addition to previously reported mutations for 60 of our families (Retinoschisis Consortium, Hum Mol Genet 1998;7:1185–1192)....
Alagille syndrome (AGS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with developmental abnormalities affecting the liver, heart, eyes, vertebrae, and craniofacial region. The Jagged‐1 (JAG1) gene, which encodes a ligand of Notch, has recently been found mutated in AGS. In this study, mutation analysis of...
Myotonia congenita (MC) is a genetic disease characterized by mutations in the CLCN1 gene (OMIM*118425) encoding the skeletal muscle voltage‐gated chloride channel (ClC‐1). Autosomal dominant and recessive forms are observed, characterized by impaired muscle relaxation after forceful...
The majority of mutations identified in patients with Metachromatic leucodystrophy are unique to individual families. We report here a new mutation in the arylsulphatase A gene (D281Y) identified in a patient with late‐onset Metachromatic leucodystrophy. This mutation was inherited in cis with...
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