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The multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndromes and Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) are inherited neurocristopathies characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma, parathyroid disease, and gastrointestinal neuromatosis. Mutations in the RET proto‐oncogene are the...
The geographic distribution of 272 cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations has been studied by assessing the origin of 27,177 CF chromosomes from 29 European countries and three countries from the North of Africa. The 5 most common mutations are ΔF308 (66.8%), G542X (2.6%), N1303K (1.6%), G551D (1.5%)...
The recessively inherited deficiency of acid α‐glucosidase (GAA) called Glycogenosis Type II is expressed as three different phenotypes: infantile, juvenile, and adult. At the molecular level, infantile and adult forms of the disease have been extensively studied, but little is known regarding...
The CFTR intron 8 variable length polythymidine tract modulates the cystic fibrosis (CF) phenotype associated with the mutation R117H. To explore whether other mutations reside on multiple intron 8 backgrounds with discernible impacts on phenotype, we developed an allele‐specific PCR assay to...
The ataxia‐telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene, which is mutated in the autosomal recessive disorder ataxia‐telangiectasia (AT), was isolated in 1995 by positional cloning. Although in vitro cell fusion studies had suggested that AT was genetically heterogeneous, all AT patients studied to date...
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is inherited as a dominant disorder caused by germline defects in one of at least four mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Two of these genes, hMSH2 and hMLH1, account for the vast majority of the germline mutations in HNPCC kindreds, whereas hPMS1 and...
Familial hypercholesterolemia by usual definition reflects mutations of the LDL‐receptor gene. Extensive molecular characterization of mutations ascertained mainly through homozygotes (the Dallas collection) has been presented by Hobbs et al. (Hum Mutat 1:445–466, 1992). This paper catalogues...
Familial ligand‐defective apolipoprotein B‐100 (FDB) is an autosomal dominant disorder leading to plasma LDL cholesterol elevation and coronary artery disease (CAD). Two specific mutations in the APOB gene—R3500Q and R3531C—induce FDB. We report an original method to detect both mutations...
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