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Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is an inherited poikiloderma which in addition to the skin abnormalities is typically associated with nail dystrophy, leucoplakia, bone marrow failure, cancer predisposition and other features. Approximately 50% of DC patients remain genetically uncharacterized. All...
Epistasis (i.e. gene–gene interaction) has long been recognized as an important mechanism underlying the complexity of the genetic architecture of human traits. Definitions of epistasis range from the purely molecular to the traditional statistical measures of interaction. The statistical...
Mutations in the TUBB3 gene, encoding ॆ-tubulin isotype III, were recently shown to be associated with various neurological syndromes which all have in common the ocular motility disorder, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscle type 3 (CFEOM3). Surprisingly and in contrast to previously...
The tumor suppressor gene PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) and the androgen receptor (AR) play important roles in tumor development and progression in prostate carcinogenesis. Among many functions, PTEN negatively regulates the cytoplasmic...
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) constitute a group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders resulting from mutations in at least eight different genes. Mutations in the most recently identified NCL gene, MFSD8/CLN7 , underlie a variant of late-infantile NCL (vLINCL). The MFSD8/CLN7 gene...
We have established a Drosophila model of Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker (GSS) syndrome by expressing mouse prion protein (PrP) having leucine substitution at residue 101 (MoPrP P101L ). Flies expressing MoPrP P101L , but not wild-type MoPrP (MoPrP 3F4 ), showed severe defects in climbing...
Abnormalities in the development of enteric neural crest-derived progenitors (ENPs) that generate the enteric nervous system (ENS) can lead to aganglionosis in a variable portion of the distal gastrointestinal tract. Cumulative evidence suggests that variation of aganglionosis is due to gene...
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