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The current study used a cohort-sequential design to examine age-related changes in health-relevant beliefs from the middle school years through age 37 in a large, midwestern, community sample ( = 8,556). Results suggest systematic age-related changes such that beliefs in the personalized risks...
Diet is commonly thought to be an environmental influence on serum lipid concentrations. This study evaluated whether total caloric and fat intake predict total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and triglyceride (TRIG)...
The psychometric characteristics of the Reasons For Quitting scale (RFQ) were assessed among a sample of African American smokers with low income ( = 487). The intrinsic and extrinsic scales and their respective subscales were replicated. As hypothesized, higher levels of motivation were...
This study examined the relationship of cardiovascular reactivity to both interpersonal mistreatment and discrimination in a community-based sample of African American and European American women ( = 363) in midlife. Subtle mistreatment related positively to diastolic blood pressure (DBP)...
The current study examined the anxiolytic effects of cigarette smoking and chewing gum on urge to smoke, withdrawal, and anxiety in response to a public speaking task in 45 undergraduate smokers. Participants were asked to smoke, chew gum, or do nothing in response to the stressor. Participants...
The authors report a 3-year follow-up of the effects of 8-week support group interventions on the quality of life of women with early stage breast cancer. Shortly after diagnosis, women were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions: control, education, peer discussion, and education plus peer...
This prospective study examined effects of expectancy of exercise benefits, value of benefits, expectancy violation, and self-efficacy (SE) on exercise behavior and study dropout in sedentary women ( = 86). SE predicted exercise for study completers but did not predict study dropout. After 6 and...
The National Institute of Mental Health Multisite HIV Prevention Trial was a trial of an intervention to reduce sexual HIV risk behaviors among 3,706 low-income at-risk men and women at 7 U.S. research sites. The intervention, based on social–cognitive theory and designed to influence behavior...
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