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Trade policy commentators have advocated the use of the ‘but for’ test in determining causation in trade remedy investigations. While a ‘but for’ or counterfactual analysis has been fairly common in tort and contract cases, it may not be appropriate in the settings of trade remedy actions. Trade...
Customs fraud and informal trade have grown exponentially in Tunisia in recent years. Several studies have been conducted to try to identify the sources of this phenomenon and to estimate its scale. Customs bonded warehouses (magasins et aires de dédouanement – MAD) are suspected to be major...
Under certain circumstances, importers in the EU can invoke the so-called good faith defence when goods imported, pursuant to preferential trade arrangements, which are accompanied by certificates of origin, are later found not to qualify for such preferential duty treatment. The application of...
In the Financial Year 2014–2015, which marks the completion of two decades of the WTO trading arrangements, Pakistan registered the highest ever trade deficit of USD 22.95 billion. Mehnaz Bhaur conducts a trend analysis and finds out that the country’s trade deficit is a systemic issue...
In the context of the fight against customs fraud the EU recently adopted an amendment to Regulation 515/97, its basic instrument for mutual assistance. This article provides an analysis and assessment of the amended Regulation, as well as background information and clarifications on the main...
Globalization has led to companies driving their marketing in global scale, transcending national frontiers and borders. Brand marketing, including international advertisement, has become especially relevant as companies want to have a global presence and reach a wider range of consumers. It is...
Making successful management reforms and employing modern change management techniques requires striking a balance between employee satisfaction and operational performance. In this endeavour, Sri Lanka Customs has found that the incentive of rewards takes the centre stage between operational...
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