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Mathematical models that estimate the proportion of foodborne illnesses attributable to food commodities at specific points in the food chain may be useful to risk managers and policy makers to formulate public health goals, prioritize interventions, and document the effectiveness of mitigations...
In this study, total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (TAMB), total coliform (TC), yeasts and moulds (YM), and Escherichia coli , Salmonella , and Staphylococcus aureus counts of wheat seeds and sprouts germinated for 9 days under different relative humidity (RH) (90% and 95%) and temperatures (18°C,...
Ten (2.7%) Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) were isolated from 370 samples of raw minced beef, mutton, pork, and chicken from the Jilin region of China; and additional 10 E. coli O157:H7 isolates were previously isolated from different Jilin regions. Seventeen of the isolates were...
This review surveys the literature on carriage and transmission of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 in the context of virulence factors and sampling/culture technique. EHEC of the O157:H7 serotype are worldwide zoonotic pathogens responsible for the majority of severe cases of...
It is thought that antimicrobial resistance imposes a fitness cost on bacteria, so that a reduction in antimicrobial use may reduce the incidence of resistant bacteria. The objectives of the present study were to determine (1) whether multidrug resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli field strains with...
Since Staphylococcus aureus can cause several types of diseases, the development of antibiotic resistance poses an even greater threat to public health . S. aureus is known to possess the adaptive capability to promptly respond to antibiotics, making it resistant and increasingly difficult to...
One QnrA1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate GDKA1 from chicken was detected. The qnrA1 gene on plasmid pGDKA1 was located in a genetic environment similar to that in In36 on plasmid pHSH1 and could be cotransferred to Escherichia coli J53 Az R with other resistances by a conjugation...
Eggs and egg products have a high risk of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis contamination leading to gastroenteritis outbreaks in humans. Thus, a rapid screening tool for viable Salmonella Enteritidis cells in the egg industry is needed. Our objective was to rapidly and sensitively detect...
The present study was conducted to investigate serotype distribution, antimicrobial resistance patterns, carriage of class 1 integron, and clonality of Salmonella strains isolated from patients aged 0–12 years in Tehran, Iran, during 2007–2008. A total of 139 Salmonella isolates were studied....
Outbreaks associated with leafy greens have focused attention on the transfer of human pathogens to these commodities during harvest with commercial equipment. Attachment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on new or rusty spinach harvester blades immersed in spinach extract or 10% tryptic soy broth...
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