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Expression of the NFH-LacZ fusion protein in transgenic mice causes an early accumulation of neurofilament proteins in the cell bodies of neurons, as well as a reduction of motor neuron axonal caliber and Purkinje cell number in the cerebellum. Young (3 month old) and older (12–20 months)...
Multipotent neural stem cells (NSCs) have the potential to differentiate into neuronal and glial cells and are therefore candidates for cell replacement after CNS injury. Their phenotypic fate in vivo is dependent on the engraftment site, suggesting that the environment exerts differential...
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease are increasingly prevalent in the aging population worldwide. The causes of these disorders are unknown, but many studies have suggested that the etiology is likely multifactorial and may involve exposure to something in the environment...
Previous studies suggest that neurotrophins support regeneration and survival of injured motoneurons. Based on these findings, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been clinically investigated for its therapeutic potential in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a rapidly progressing and...
The deposition of amyloid β peptides (Aβ) and cholinergic dysfunction are two characteristic features of Alzheimer's disease. Several studies have suggested that a compromised cholinergic transmission can increase the amount of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the denervated cortex (or...
To define potential mechanisms of cell death during neural cell transplantation, we investigated the role of intracellular caspase activation in combination with the activation of serum complement. We demonstrated that ventral mesencephalic (VM) cells are susceptible to complement-mediated cell...
In the present study, we examined the role and the mechanism of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) activation in zinc-induced cell death in cortical culture. After brief exposure to 400 μM zinc, cortical cells exhibited DNA fragmentation, increased...
The aim of the present study is to determine whether the expansion and mobilization of circulating bone marrow (BM) stem cells by in vivo treatment with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and stem cell factor (SCF) increase the amount of BM-derived neuronal cells in mouse brain. The...
The contribution of serotoninergic mechanisms to motor dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) has yet to be fully elucidated. Recent clinical observations increasingly suggest that drugs able to block serotonin 5HT2A/C receptors can benefit patients with certain extrapyramidal movement...
Hyperreflexia is a common feature of spinal cord injury (SCI), and changes in reflex excitability have been reported to be useful in assessing treatments in animal models of cord damage. However, spinal reflexes are known to be dependent on anesthetic level. As a preliminary to its use in SCI,...
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