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Central nervous system progenitor cells that are self-renewing in culture and also differentiate under controlled conditions are potentially useful for developmental studies and for cell-based therapies. We characterized growth and plasticity properties and gene expression in a rat mesencephalic...
The α-secretase-derived form of the amyloid precursor protein (sAPPα), which is released from neurons in an activity-dependent manner, has been shown to promote long-term survival of hippocampal and cortical neurons in culture and can protect those neurons against excitotoxic and ischemic...
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in abnormal locomotor and pain syndromes in humans. In a rodent SCI model, T13 unilateral spinal hemisection results in bilateral mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, partly by interruption of tonic descending serotonin (5-HT) inhibition. In the current...
Human idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is primarily characterized by degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons of the nigrostriatal pathway. Different 6-OHDA rat models of PD have been developed in which this toxin has been injected into...
Numerous in vitro and cell culture experiments indicate that oxidative damage decreases astrocyte glutamate transport activity, and it has been proposed that products of lipid peroxidation, particularly 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, may contribute to neurodegenerative diseases via inhibition of glutamate...
Bis (also called Bag-3), identified as a novel Bcl-2-interacting protein, has been shown to enhance anti-cell death activity of Bcl-2. Because ischemia/reperfusion induces expression of Bcl-2, we examined the changes in the pattern of Bis expression in the adult rat hippocampus after transient...
The rat neural cell line RN33B has a remarkable ability to undergo region-specific neuronal differentiation after transplantation into the CNS. To further study its neurogenic properties in vivo , we used a recombinant lentiviral vector to genetically label the cells with the Green Fluorescent...
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