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Surfactant depletion is most often used to study acute respiratory failure in animal models. Because model stability is often criticized, the authors tested the following hypotheses: Repeated pulmonary lavage with normal saline provides stable experimental conditions for 24 hours with a PaO 2...
Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration has been used as an animal model of sepsis-related acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). This paper describes the lung histology following lung injury induced by the intraperitoneal (i.p.)...
This study was done to determine whether α -phenyl- N -tert-butylnitrone (PBN), a spin-trapping agent possessing significant anti-inflammatory capabilities, could attenuate hyperoxia-induced lung injury, and if so, whether this protective effect is mediated by the down-modulation of inflammation...
The objective of this study was to investigate potential role of taurine and niacin supplementation, and their combination, in an in vitro model of silica-induced, macrophage-mediated pulmonary fibroblast proliferation. Human monocytic cell line (THP-1 cell) was primed to differentiation into...
It was investigated whether azithromycin (AZM) stimulates chloride (Cl − ) efflux from cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF airway epithelial cells, possibly secondary to up-regulation of the multidrug resistance protein (MDR). CF and non-CF human airway epithelial cell lines (CFBE and 16HBE) were...
β 2 -Agonists have been shown to increase alveolar fluid reabsorption, and at least part of their effect depends on active sodium transport from the alveolus into the epithelial cell by the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). Few data exist on their effect in the injured lung....
Both bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and dehydroepiandrosterone induce Th1 immune responses and suppress Th2 allergic reactions. To investigate whether a combined administration of BCG and dehydroepiandrosterone treat asthma more effectively, BALB/c mice ( n = 8 per group) with established airway...
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