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This article reviews the current status ofSocial Judgment Theory as it applies to work on medical reasoning. Following an overview of the primary features of Social Judgment Theory and its associated analytic techniques, a review of pertinent research applications in medicine is provided. The...
This essay reviews the origins, findings and influence of the monograph Medical Problem Solving: An Analysis of Clinical Reasoning. Majorfindings of the monograph are reviewed in the light of subsequent work and the results of selected studies of clinical cognition are related to the book's...
A repeated-measures design was used to examine medicalprofessionals'discharge planning strategies. Physicians, residents, nurses, and social workers were presented with 16 hypothetical case scenarios and asked to: (1) rate the appropriateness of four discharge options (nursing home, community...
CBX, a clinical simulation model developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners, was studied as an evaluation instrument. These studies show that CBX measures need not be influenced by prior experience with or anxiety about computers. However, a practice effect was observed that was...
Among other significant findings, Elstein, Shulman, & Sprafka (1978) demonstrated that diagnostic expertise is content-specific, tending to be limited to clinical problems with which a physician has had substantial experience. They recommended use of a highly structured, problem-oriented...
Articles relating decision theory to medical problems have appeared in the medical literature over the past thirtyyears. Mostof the work important to recent advances has been performed in the past 10 to 15 years. We describe the progress which occurred between 1978 and 1988: an increased...
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