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The human infant is endowed with a complex mechanism for the ingestion of nutrients that becomes functional in late fetal life. The sucking motor pattern is generally accepted to be under the control of pattern generating circuitry located in the brainstem reticular formation. Systems under the...
A behavioural state transition is the time interval between two different behavioural states. In low-risk fetuses, the fetal heart rate pattern (FHRP) is the first variable to change in transitions from 1F to 2F (`non-REM-sleep' to `REM-sleep') and the last variable to change in transitions from...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra-individual stability of gross motor scores obtained by normally developing full-term infants on the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS). The gross motor skills of 47 infants were assessed monthly in their homes by pairs of physical therapists....
Changes in brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) with varying stimulus repetition primarily represent neural processes concerning the efficacy of synaptic transmission in the brainstem auditory pathway. In this study the BAER to different rates of clicks was recorded from 16 term neonates....
Aim : This study looked for evidence of physiological disturbance in preterm infants undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods : Intensive care was continued, as appropriate, throughout scanning in each infant. The heart rate, oxygen saturation (SaO 2 ), temperature and mean arterial...
The objective of the investigation was to study the stability of the cardiorespiratory system of 20 premature boys and girls during maternal kangaroo care (KC) and in the incubator. Stability of heart rate, respiration and oxygen saturation was compared in a pretest–test–posttest design by...
Objective : To examine the association between plasma vitamin A levels and outcome measures in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, including meta-analysis of all observational studies. Design : A prospective observational longitudinal study of plasma vitamin A levels measured in the cord blood;...
To investigate the effect of urethral obstruction during late fetal life on renal development and function, we developed a rabbit fetal model of obstructive nephropathy to examine the pathological and biochemical consequences of urethral obstruction and beneficial effects of early surgical...
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