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The increasing emergence of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis poses significant threat to the treatment of tuberculosis. Conventional susceptibility testing for the front-line tuberculosis drug pyrazinamide (PZA) is difficult, because of the requirement for acid pH for the drug to show...
We developed and evaluated a single-step, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for distinguishing (1) between the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (MOTT) and (2) between M. tuberculosis and M. bovis species. The assay targeted the 16S...
Because of the limited clinical testing of doxycycline, it has received guarded acceptance as an inexpensive, fluoroquinolone-sparing agent for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. Examination of in vitro data from 3,902 recent Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates (SENTRY Program, USA)...
Antimicrobial disk diffusion susceptibility testing, devoted in a clinical context to predicting whether an antibiotic regimen will be effective, should be evaluated through predictive values. This approach implies that the susceptibility prevalence (frequency of susceptible, intermediate, and...
We developed a new TaqMan-based one-step real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for detection and quantification of mumps virus RNA. Oligos targeting the matrix protein gene of mumps virus were designed by using our oligo designing and analyzing software,...
A rapid non–culture-based diagnostic method utilizing d -/ l -arabinitol (DA/LA) ratios as a chemical marker of invasive candidiasis was developed and explored. The enantiomers-ratios detection was made possible by the use of gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The mean...
The OPTAMA (Optimizing Pharmacodynamic Target Attainment using the MYSTIC (Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection) Antibiogram) Program provides insight into the appropriate antibiotic options for empiric therapy for common nosocomial pathogens. In this report, South America...
The National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards recently published guidelines for analysis and presentation of cumulative antimicrobial susceptibility test data (antibiograms). We sought to determine how well US hospitals already adhere to standards for antibiogram compilation, and to...
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