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Background The molecular mechanism of natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity to myeloma cells remains unclear. We investigated whether MHC class I-related chain (MIC), a ligand of NKG2D that is an activating NK cell receptor, is involved in the cytotoxicity of NK cells toward myeloma cells, and...
Background Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has been examined for the presence of stem cells capable of differentiating into cell types of all three embryonic layers (i.e. endo-, ecto- and mesoderm). The few groups reporting success have typically confirmed endodermal potential using hepatic...
Human embryonic stem alls (hESC) have an unlimited capacity of proliferation and self-renewal resulting in a promise for future applications in regenerative medicine. One major problem derived from their use in cellular therapy protocols is the immunological rejection due to HLA incompatibility....
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a potentially curative treatment modality for a number of hematologic malignancies, as well as inherited immunodeficiencies and hemoglobinopathies, and may also have a role in selected acquired autoimmune disorders. The complete or...
Background Multiple studies have demonstrated that ‘purging’ of autografts with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4HC) or the related compound mafosfamide (Mf), to eradicate residual leukemia, produces the best results associated with autologous blood and marrow transplantation for AML. However,...
Background High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation is the standard treatment of eligible patients with multiple myeloma. However, this treatment is associated with a substantial risk of infectious complications during leukopenia. The aim of our pilot study was to...
Background Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that the NT2 embryonal carcinoma cell line and multipotential stem cells found in BM, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), have the ability to differentiate into a wide variety of cell types. This study was designed to explore the efficacy of these...
Background Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an alternative source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) for transplantation of patients with hematologic malignancies or hereditary diseases. Methods We developed a provincial UCB bank in Guangzhou, China, using good manufacturing practices and standard...
Background Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have become important tools in regenerative and transplantation medicine. Rapidly increasing numbers of patients are receiving in vitro -expanded MSC. Culture conditions typically include FSC because human serum does not fully support growth...
Background T- and B-cell depletion of apheresis products is an attractive alternative to standard stem cell enrichment in haplo-identical transplantation. Thorough T- and B-cell depletion is necessary for prevention of acute GvHD and T-cell depletion-associated lymphoproliferative disorders....
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