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Mechlorethamine (HN2) and 2-chloroethylethyl sulfide (CEES) are mustard vesicants. Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a phenolic antioxidant. In the present work, the ability of BHA to reduce the toxicity of HN2 and CEES was investigated using A-431 skin cells. HN2 toxicity was found to be...
Sunscreen must provide protection against solar radiation and be safe and non-irritating to skin and eyes, especially for children. A unique water-in-oil emulsion sunscreen formula with a sun protection factor of 50 (SPF50) was developed that minimizes irritation potential through careful...
Allergic contact dermatitis remains an important problem worldwide. The objective of this study was to analyze patch test positivity trends of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group. Publications from 1970 to 2002 were reviewed and re-analyzed. Statistical significance was determined with a...
Chronic pruritic skin lesions are considered to be one of the late complications of sulfur mustard exposure. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of topical capsaicin with that of betamethasone in the treatment of these lesions. In this investigator-blinded, randomized clinical...
Use tests such as the provocative use test (PUT) or repeated open application test (ROAT) have been created to better understand the clinical significance of patch test results. It has been suggested that since these tests typically utilize only one substance at a time and avoid occlusion, they...
The skin undergoes a lifetime of degenerative changes with the potential for genetic mutations occurring from exposure to solar radiation. Benign neoplasms afflict virtually every individual over the age of 65, and more often than not afflicted individuals carry large numbers of growths....
The determination of acute eye and skin irritation is included in international regulatory requirements for the testing of chemicals, because of the possibility of exposure during the production, transport, marketing, and disposal of products. Although there have been some advances in the areas...
In military and civilian environments, serious cutaneous damage can result from thermal burns or exposure to the blistering agent sulfur mustard bis (2-chloroethyl) sulfide; HD. Similar therapies have historically been used to treat cutaneous thermal and HD injuries; however, the underlying...
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