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Structural knowledge of the major facilitator superfamily has dramatically increased during the past year with the emergence of the structures of three members of this family of transporters. All three structures reveal 12 transmembrane helices forming two distinct domains, and could imply that...
Helical integral membrane proteins share several structural determinants that are widely conserved across their universe. The discovery of common motifs has furthered our understanding of the features that are important to stability in the membrane environment, while simultaneously providing...
Photolithography enables the precise construction of nanodevices in two-dimensional formats. However, self-assembly of designed molecules serves as an alternative for the construction of three-dimensional nanoscale systems and is particularly appealing in that material properties can potentially...
Photosynthesis utilizes light energy to oxidize water molecules to molecular oxygen at the oxygen-evolving centre of photosystem II. The structure of photosystem II from the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus has been reported at 3.5 Å resolution and, for the first time, the complete...
The diversity of biological function, ligand binding, conformational changes and structural adaptability of the periplasmic binding protein superfamily have been exploited to engineer biosensors, allosteric control elements, biologically active receptors and enzymes using a combination of...
The major facilitator superfamily represents the largest group of secondary active membrane transporters in the cell. The 3.3 Å resolution structure of a member of this protein superfamily, the glycerol-3-phosphate transporter from the Escherichia coli inner membrane, reveals two domains...
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters facilitate unidirectional translocation of chemically diverse substrates across cell or organelle membranes. The recently determined crystal structures of the vitamin B 12 importer BtuCD and its cognate binding protein BtuF have revealed critical...
The mystery of how a protein sequence specifies a unique structure has intrigued chemists, leading to the design and study of foldamers, non-natural oligomeric molecules that adopt well-defined structures. Recently, the sequence specificity of the various regular repeating structures has been...
Rational design, usually guided by computational prediction, and selection from libraries of variants of natural proteins have been used with success in the engineering of novel non-natural receptors. Many of these engineered protein binders will find use in biotechnological, diagnostic and...
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