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Resistance of plants to bacterial pathogens is often controlled by corresponding genes for resistance and avirulence in host and pathogen, respectively. Fifty years after discovery of the genetic basis of gene-for-gene interactions, several avirulence and plant resistance genes have been isolated...
Many Gram-negative bacteria that cause disease in either mammals or plants share a strategy of delivering toxic proteins into the cytoplasm of host cells known as type III secretion. Recent advances have provided a glimpse at the molecular nature of these lethal injection machines. Several groups...
In the past year, our knowledge of type IV transporters of Gram-negative bacteria has further expanded. Advances include the discovery of additional members of this family of proteins, increased knowledge of the morphologies of type IV transporters, and a better understanding of the mechanisms by...