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The construal of hand washing by OCD patients with washing rituals was examined from the perspective of Action Identification Theory (Vallacher & Wegner, 1985, 1987). Items related to the act of hand washing were classified as reflecting a low level of identification (its technical and concrete...
Responses to an autobiographical memory test (AMT, Williams & Broadbent, 1986) are examined in a sample of 30 female psychiatric inpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in comparison to a group of 27 depressed inpatients and a nonclinical control group of 30 women. Concordant with...
Interpretation bias, defined as the tendency to interpret ambiguous stimuli as threatening, is thought to play a central role in the maintenance of social phobia. However, the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on this bias has not been determined. The present study examined...
Maladaptive interpretations of negative social events are considered to be an important cognitive feature of social phobia. The present study sought to investigate the content-specificity of interpretative biases in social phobia, and to examine the influence of concurrent depressive symptoms on...
Diathesis-stress models of cognitive vulnerability to depression posit that personality factors (e.g., self-criticism) interact with congruent negative life events to produce distinct depressive symptom clusters. The present study employed a stress-induction procedure to assess whether...
Previous research has shown that patients with social phobia often experience negative, observer-perspective self-images when in anxiety-provoking social situations (Hackmann, A., Clark, D. M., & McManus, F. (2000). Recurrent images and early memories in social phobia. Behaviour Research and...
Three experiments were conducted to examine the cognitive processing biases during worry or positive imagery. Participants were classified as worriers or non-worriers on the basis of normative data for the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). Experiment 1 was a directed forgetting task using...
The present study examined self-focused attention in dysphoria under various mood conditions. Participants were randomly assigned to either a positive, negative, or neutral writing condition. Results indicated that dysphoric participants displayed significantly greater self-focused attention...
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