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This research attempted to clarifythe mechanismthrough which dysfunctional parenting leads todepression in the offspring. Consistent with theorizingbyBeck (1967), we tested a three-stage causal pathway wherein dysfunctional parenting should giverise to dysfunctional attitudes in the offspring...
This study used a short-term prospective designin an unselected sample of undergraduates to test fivehypotheses derived from the symptom component of thehopelessness theory of depression (Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989). In congruence withhopelessness theory, hopelessness was...
Beck's acute-onset model of depression proposesthat initially asymptomatic individuals with high levelsof dysfunctional attitudes (DA) will become depressedwhen stressors occur. Using a large student sample (n = 275), we conducted a 14-weeklongitudinal study aimed at testing Beck's model as...
Cognitive theory holds that dysfunctionalattitudes are important risk factors for depression.Critics have questioned this view, noting that, althoughdysfunctional attitudes are elevated in depression, they are not evident in vulnerable individualswho are asymptomatic. To deal with this...
This study examined the relations betweensociotropy, autonomy, and stress severity ratings forhypothetical life events that were objectivelycategorized as interpersonal or achievement-related infocus. The hypothesis that sociotropy and autonomyserve as vulnerability factors to dysphoria in...
A number of recent laboratory and prospectivefield studies suggest that the tendency to ruminateabout dysphoric moods is associated with more severe andpersistent negative emotional experiences (e.g., Morrow & Nolen-Hoeksema, 1990;Nolen-Hoeksema & Morrow, 1991). The current paperreports two...
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