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The tea polyphenol (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been reported to act as a cancer preventive agent through folate pathway inhibition in experimental studies. We hypothesized that if folate pathway inhibition is the mechanism of cancer preventive activities of EGCG, then the...
Reports of the ability of estrogenic agents such as 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3) and bisphenol A (BPA) to induce micronuclei (MN) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells have prompted us to investigate whether these effects are linked to activation of the estrogen receptor (ER) α. Coadministration of...
p53-upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) plays an essential role in p53-dependent apoptosis following DNA damage. PUMA also mediates apoptosis independent of p53. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of PUMA induction in response to serum starvation in p53-deficient cancer...
Mitotic serine/threonine kinase Aurora-A (Aur-A) plays a critical role in regulating centrosome segregation and spindle assemble. Aur-A overexpression causes excessive centrosome duplication and abnormal spindle structure, leading to tumor malignant progression. Here, we investigated Aur-A...
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a multifunctional growth factor that plays important roles in many biological processes, whereas RUNX3 is a target of TGF-β-mediated tumor suppressor pathway. In humans, RUNX3 inactivation may lead to the cancer development, including bladder cancer. To...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARA) has been shown to increase fatty acid oxidation and decrease cytokine levels and has been implicated in insulin production. Genetic variants of PPARA have been associated with cardiovascular disease, obesity and type II diabetes mellitus....
The green tea ( Camellia sinensis ) catechin, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), has shown cancer-preventive activity in animal models. Previously, we have reported the bioavailability of EGCG in rats and mice. Here, we report that cotreatment of HT-29 human colon cancer cells with genistein...
The oncoprotein meningioma 1 (MN1) is overexpressed in several subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and overexpression was associated with a poor response to chemotherapy. MN1 is a cofactor of retinoic acid receptor/retinoic x receptor (RAR/RXR)-mediated transcription and this study...
We recently found that the inhibitory effect of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is associated with alterations in lipid organization in the plasma membrane of colon cancer cells. Since changes in lipid...
The role of cell adhesion molecules has been studied extensively in the process of inflammation, and these molecules are critical components of carcinogenesis and cancer metastasis. This study investigated the effect of tanshinone I derived from the traditional herbal medicine, Salvia...
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