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This article demonstrates techniques for fabricating novel organic and carbon films, in which liquid crystal surface anchoring and flow are exploited to precisely control molecular structure (in organic films) or crystal structure (in carbon films). Surface anchoring states were first measured...
A systematic study was carried out to dope single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) bundles with varying amounts of boron using the pulsed laser vaporization technique. Targets containing boron concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 10 at.% boron were prepared by mixing elemental boron with carbon paste...
The effect of carbonization rate in a wide range (1, 100 and 1000 °C/min) on the properties of a PAN/phenolic-based carbon/carbon (C/C) composite was studied. The results indicated that the composite processed at a higher carbonization rate had a higher porosity level, more large pores and a...
Different oxidation treatment was used for the increase of the softening point of a commercial coal tar pitch. H 2 SO 4 , HNO 3 , H 2 O 2 and air are selected as treatment reagents. These preliminary investigations show that the oxidation treatment of commercial coal tar pitch with different...
Carbon nanotubes have remarkable mechanical, electronic and electrochemical properties, but the full potential for application will be realized only if the growth of high quantity and quality carbon nanotubes can be optimized and well controlled. In this study, carbon nanotubes have been...
In this paper we demonstrate the functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by chemical vapor deposition. The chosen functionalization agents were alkyl-halides such as trifluoromethane (TFM) and trichloromethane (TCM); or double bond containing alkyl-halides as...
A new catalyst (Ni/Mo/MgO) is reported, with which one can synthesize multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) bundles with a yield of more than 45 times the amount of the pristine catalyst, using a methane-hydrogen mixture as precursor. Powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and thermal...
The total surface area of two diesel engine produced soots, a high volatile content NIST standard (termed NIST) and a low volatile content soot (termed NEU), were determined with CO 2 adsorption and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), as a function of the extent of oxidation. During initial...
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