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The risk–benefit ratio for concurrent use of dietary antioxidants with chemotherapy or radiation therapy is a controversial topic. In this review, the medical literature on concurrent antioxidant use with chemotherapy or radiotherapy was assessed and further steps for generating evidence-based...
Increased cytokine expression contributes to the pathogenesis of cancer anorexia–cachexia syndrome. Carnitine may reduce inflammation in chronic diseases. We tested the effects of L-propionylcarnitine (PC group) or saline (C group) on food intake (FI), body composition, and inflammatory status...
The aim of our meta-analysis was to assess the association between UGT1A7 polymorphisms and cancer risk. Case–control studies containing available polymorphic alleles (UGT1A7**1,**2,**3, and**4) and genotypes categorized according to enzymatic activity (High, Intermediate, and Low) were chosen...
In the present study, we have used plasmid-based RNA interference (RNAi) strategy to downregulate the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in EGFR wild-type (H292) and mutant (H1975) lung tumor models. The targeted knockdown of EGFR by small hairpin RNA not only inhibited growth...
Many studies have demonstrated the importance of spontaneous metastases in cancer research. Until now, we still had only a few spontaneous metastatic models with high occurrence rate of metastasis in distant lymph and visceral tissues. We report a syngeneic heterotopic metastatic model using the...
The candidate tumor suppressor fragile histidine traid (FHIT) is frequently inactivated in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Mutations in the p53 gene also occur in the majority of SCLC leading to the accumulation of the mutant protein. Here we evaluated the effect of FHIT gene therapy alone or in...
Withaferin A (WA) (1) and two analogs ((4- epi -withaferin A (2) and 4,27-diacetyl-4- epi -withaferin A (3))) were evaluated for antitumor activity in pancreatic cancer cells. IC 50 for 1, 2, and 3 were 0.87, 0.45, and 0.29 μM (BxPC-3); 1.28, 1.53, and 0.52 μM (MIAPaCa-2); and 0.59, 2.25, and...
Tumor vasculature is known to express high levels of the longest splice variant of tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8). Little is known about its expression by tumor cells. Five of eight cell breast cancer cell lines tested expressed significant levels of the longest TEM8 splice variant (TEM8.1),...
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